Connect with us

Banking and Finance

Financial independence and the monster of lifestyle inflation



Investments are generally motivated by the desire for profit; each investor aims to use his/her money profitably to generate significant returns. As a result, investors may decide to put their money into one or more of the available investment classes which include bonds, stocks, cash equivalents, real estate, various commodities, among other things. Bonds, stocks and cash equivalents are the three traditional investment classes. All other investment classes fall under the category of alternative investment. Each class comes with its own risks, benefits or advantages. The main advantage of investing in the three traditional classes is the lower initial investments amounts, that is, how much money you may want to begin with. For instance, investing in real estate frequently necessitates that the investor making a sizable one-time payment (as real estate properties may be quite expensive). It is however easy for investors to purchase a modest number of inexpensive shares or bonds that have a good potential for growth in a single transaction, meaning, investors can buy these assets with a smaller sum of money. Secondly, compared to some other investment classes, the three main investment classes frequently provide liquidity (ready market) for trades to be executed, whether buying or selling. There is a sure availability of bonds and stocks available to invest in on a regular basis. Typically, the well-organised and controlled markets have a very high volume of daily transactions due to the high popularity of these investment classes and safety among investors. Investors in these asset classes can swiftly recoup their investment costs by liquidating their holdings. In contrast, the owner of a piece of real estate would have to wait several months before finding a buyer if they wish to sell the property and receive their money back. There is transparency in the dealing in the traditional asset classes of investments. Information on trading activities is always available online and on demand. Investors are also at the liberty to quote their “fair” prices for trades to be executed. Investors can therefore quickly (and accurately) ascertain the market price of any asset traded in these exchanges. This makes it possible for investors to decide on investments with maximum information. In contrast, it might not always be possible to determine the precise price at which the previous transaction in a specific location was completed if we look at the real estate market. As a result, determining the precise market worth of one's real estate holdings may be challenging. Consequently, such an investor can occasionally wind up selling his piece of property for less than its market value (thereby losing potential profits). Due to the benefits mentioned above, many investors favour the three primary investment classes over the alternative investment classes when choosing where to put their money. In finding out which investment is more suitable for you follow the process: Speak to a professional: Visit an investment firm where a professional will attend to you. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) website provides a list of investment firms that can attend to your needs. NIMED Capital Limited provides a good option. Risk assessment profiling: The professional, in this case the professional at NIMED Capital Ltd, is expected to take you through a risk assessment profiling. This will inform which investment asset to select for you. As stated earlier in this writeup, the various assets come with their own risks. Explanation of the investment classes: The professional will take time to explain the available investment classes to you. Normally, investors are supposed to look out for information about how the assets have performed in the immediate past, the current value and information of what the future holds (trend analysis, the intrinsic value and future projections). These steps are expected to give the investor a fair idea which investment asset to investment in. The professional is expected to make a recommendation and the investor has the right to accept or reject. Trends The trends show that the fixed income market has recorded higher trades than the stock market. Generally, investors are risk averse, and the fixed income market provides a good avenue for fixed returns for investors. Indeed, the fixed income provides steady returns over a long period of time. However, the stock market also provides an option for higher returns because of the high risks. In the last report where Young Investors Research/NIMED Capital Research Team produced a detailed information about the performance of the Financial Stock Index, we pointed out some of the areas that can be looked at. “Never invest in a business you cannot understand”, Warren Buffet once said. Whatever investment is introduced to you as an investor, ensure you understand the asset thoroughly before funds are committed to it. The Stock Pitch Competition is being organised by the Young Investors Network for tertiary education students to train them to select the right assets for investment purposes. The writer is a researcher at Young Investors Research

I am of utmost certainty that everyone would love to be financially independent. A resounding ‘yes’ is the answer I would get if I were to go round asking “who wants to be independent financially?” Such is the burning desire!

Financial Independence simply means one would have gotten to the point where he or she would not have to work to sustain their living expenses. Financial independence does not mean an individual will necessarily stop working.  A financially independent person may decide to work or not. The decision to work is usually because they WANT to and not because they MUST. Big difference.

Financial independence is achieved if a person has accumulated enough wealth to generate enough passive income to take care of all living expenses. For instance, if one’s living expenses sums up to GHS 10,000, an investment of GHS750,000 by that person at an interest rate of 16% per annum will be able to fund the living expenses.  That is because the investment would be bringing in a monthly interest of GHS10,000.

Financial independence may vary from person to person depending on their standard of living and all the things they include in their living expenses. Bottom line is, whatever you decide as your acceptable living expense, being able to fund it without needing a job or external support classifies you as being financially independent.

It is largely thought or perceived that the more money you earn, the closer you are to becoming financially independent. This perception may not always be entirely true, and I will tell you why. Admittedly, the more you earn, the higher your ability to accumulate and grow your wealth. Why then am I not on Despite’s level yet, despite proclamations I made early in my career as an accounts officer?

The Accounts Officer

Working as an accounts officer has its perks!  From flexing your muscles when you have to prepare out of station allowances for your colleagues to paying out petty cash to expectant colleagues on a Friday afternoon. You almost feel like a mini god during those times. It also has its nuisance however, like almost every other thing in this world!

One of the things that intrigued me was working on payroll. You saw everything and knew everyone’s level! It demoralized you at times and it encouraged you at other times. I worked as an accounts officer many years ago in a Savings and Loans Company; probably the biggest in the country.

Seeing some of the salaries some of the top executives were on almost knocked me out.  As a fresh graduate from school, I could not believe people were paid so much money! Worst of all, they were to use it for only 30 days!  Incredible right? Maybe not.

God has a great sense of humor, especially when it comes to me.  Fast forward to a few years after that, I started earning similar amounts in terms of salary, albeit in a different company. One year passed, two years came and then three! And here I was, I was no Despite, not even close!

The closest I came to him was probably speaking on his radio station a few times. On some nights when everything was eerily quiet, I would hear a still small voice say teasingly to me very audibly, “Ei Koo Despite, how far?”. Dear God, it’s ok wai.

The Monster

There was this woman who sold gari and beans, popularly known as gob3 (all the legends know this). That food was and is a life saver for many, including myself. When we got to her place, she put her head out through her small window and shouted, “Customer, I haven’t seen you in a while ooo”.  I developed a stiff neck! “Who is your customer? … Me? … Why are my enemies after me today of all days?”

My lady friend laughed and prompted me that the woman was calling me. Asem b3n koraa nie! (what matter is this?).  We still laugh over that incident. Sometimes she calls me ‘customer customer.’

The woman was so right in calling me out. I had not gone there in a long while. I used to go there like I had shares in the business. In fact, she knew all the combinations I used to buy. She would see me from afar and prepare my pack exactly the way I wanted it. Plenty gari, hard plantain and pear on good days. Top savior!

Around the same period of my life, a friend of mine got a job in one of the oil firms in Accra. He was put on a salary of GHS16,000 a month plus other benefits. I was so happy for my guy. He had made it! About 7 months down the line, I spoke with this same friend of mine and he complained of hardship.

I was confused! How is that even possible? A single young man on a salary of GHS16,000 is struggling? Further probe into the matter made me realize that my friend was now living like a big boy. He had picked up a mortgage close to Labone, bought a big engine car and was living just like his new colleagues at work.

The above examples are typical of the monster that I call ‘Lifestyle Inflation’. More often than not, we tend to increase our expenses to match our growing income levels. Income moves two levels up, expense inflates itself quickly to catch up, as though it is a 100m race.

Financial independence will only happen if we are able to accumulate and grow wealth over a period. How we think that is going to happen if we keep matching our expenses to our income is a something that is difficult to comprehend.

Constantly doing that will mean there is no surplus to invest and that will mean we cannot build wealth. Not being able to build wealth will mean you cannot eventually become financially independent. It does not matter whether you earn a salary or have your own business running. Not being able to set money aside on a consistent basis will mean you will HAVE to work all your life.

The need to constantly engage in lifestyle inflation is mostly down to peer pressure. If I had not become an investment advisor, I would not have known that peer pressure was so profound in adults. Many people just want to keep up. A lot of people want to appear rich and not actually be rich. I have too many examples to share.

He said to me quite worryingly, “everyone in my office drives something similar”. One of the dangers with lifestyle inflation is things that we used to call luxuries can easily grow to become necessities.

Too many people spend money they haven’t earned, to buy things they don’t want, to impress people they don’t like ” -Will Smith.  We must avoid the temptation of lifestyle inflation with all our might. If you are ever caught in the trap of peer pressure, use what I call Nathan’s Law!

Nathan’s Law

Read also: No Ghana Card, no banking – Banks ready to comply

These days, I am unable to find him again. Nathan has found a very interesting way to beat me at the game. What he does now is that anytime I find him and scream, he will simply cover his eyes. As simple as that! I have seen him, but he hasn’t seen me so technically, I haven’t found him. Brilliant!

That’s what we should be doing. We should go about life with our hands covering our eyes. Our peers can find us all they want but we should not see them.

The focus should solely be on us because the goal is to be rich and not to look rich. Financial independence will be achieved but at some cost. We cannot continuously spend everything we earn and expect to build wealth enough to cater for our living expenses in the long run.

We must become conscious spenders. We must spend less than we earn. We must be deliberate in setting aside portions of our earnings for investment. We must be consistent in doing this without fail. We must not fall into the trap of thinking that financial independence will happen by chance.

It is only when we do these things that the goal of becoming financially independent will become the reality that we so crave. The good news is, financial Independence is totally achievable!

Source: Victor Tandoh 

He is the Head of Corporate, EDC Investments Limited.

You can contact him via 0501534416 or [email protected].

Quick Poll


Notice: ob_end_flush(): failed to send buffer of zlib output compression (0) in /home/ghananew/ on line 4757